Canada (i/ˈkænədə/) is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the world's longest land border.
The land that is now Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonial expeditions explored, and later settled, the region's Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America to Britain in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy, culminating in the Canada Act 1982.
Canada is a federal state governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is officially bilingual and multicultural at the federal level, with a population of approximately 33.4 million as of 2011. Canada's advanced economy is one of the world's largest and relies largely upon its natural resources and international trade, particularly with the United States, with which it has had a long and complex relationship. Per capita income is the world's ninth highest, and Canada ranks sixth globally in human development. It performs favourably in international rankings of education, quality of life, government transparency, and economic freedom. Canada is a member of the G7, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth of Nations, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and the United Nations.
Other articles related to "world, canada":
... Tahmena Bokhari, professor and social worker who won Mrs Pakistan World 2010 ... descent, (RDI / SRC) Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada from 1999 to 2005, former journalist, novelist, publisher, winner of a Gemini Award Monika Deol, television presenter of Sikh ancestry Herb ... representing the riding of Mississauga—Streetsville for the Conservative Party of Canada ...
... in different ways and has different characteristics throughout the world, depending on which region it is sold in ... United States and Canada The Fit went on sale in the United States and Canada in April 2006 for model year 2007, replacing the Civic hatchback for North ... Fits have larger bumpers, and a longer front clip, than the rest of the world, resulting in a slight increase in overall length ...
... Elsewhere, it reached number one in Canada and number three in Australia ... In other regions, it topped the RPM 100 in Canada, the ARIA Albums Chart in Australia, and the RIANZ Top 40 Albums in New Zealand ... it topped the Modern Rock Tracks chart, and the singles charts in Canada and Ireland ...
Famous quotes containing the words world and/or canada:
“Education is the point at which we decide whether we love our children enough not to expel them from our world and leave them to their own devices, not to strike from their hands their chance of undertaking something newbut to prepare them in advance for the task of renewing a common world.”
—Hannah Arendt (20th century)
“Canadians look down on the United States and consider it Hell. They are right to do so. Canada is to the United States what, in Dantes scheme, Limbo is to Hell.”
—Irving Layton (b. 1912)